Glossary of terms

Adsorbable organic halogen (AOX) compounds is a metric for emissions to water and is measured in tonnes.
Anti-retroviral therapy
Best Available Technique. Technically and economically feasible environmental technology that is efficient and advanced, generally to reduce emissions and the impact on the environment as a whole. The BAT comparisons in the environment section are calculated based on the BAT values as defined by IPPC (The European Integrated Pollution Prevention and Control Bureau) in the ‘Reference Document on Best Available Technique for the Pulp and Paper Industry’
Broad-based black economic empowerment
CD4 count
CD4 cells are a type of white blood cell that fights infection; they move throughout the body helping to identify and destroy germs such as bacteria and viruses. A CD4 count helps tell how strong the immune system is, indicates the stage of HIV disease, guides treatment, and predicts how the disease may progress. Keeping the CD4 count high can reduce complications of HIV disease and extend life.
CDP recognises companies with high-quality disclosure as top scoring companies in the their FTSE350 Carbon Disclosure Leadership Index where scores are calculated according to a standardised methodology which measures whether and how well a company responds to each question.
CDP is an international not-for-profit organisation providing a global system for companies to measure, disclose, manage and share information on carbon, water, forests and supply chain.
Community engagement plans (CEPs) provide the basis of our engagement and support for local communities and are updated manually by our socially material mills.
The Confederation of European Paper Industries (CEPI) is a Brussels-based not-for-profit organisation regrouping the European pulp and paper industry, monitoring and analysing activities and initiatives in the areas of industry, environment, energy, forestry, recycling and competitiveness in general, and providing a unique source of information both for and on the industry. It has 19 member countries and represents some 550 pulp, paper and board producing companies across Europe and 1,000 paper mills, together representing 25% of world production.
The Convention of International Trade in Endangered Species (CITES) is an international agreement between governments with the aim of ensuring that international trade in specimens of wild animals and plants does not threaten their survival.
Chain-of-Custody (CoC) is a tracking system that allows manufacturers and traders to demonstrate that timber comes from a forest that is responsibly managed in accordance with credible standards.
Chemical oxygen demand (COD) is a measure of the oxygen-consuming capacity of inorganic and organic matter present in the waste water. It is a metric for emissions to water and is measured in tonnes.
Controversial sources
A term commonly used in the public domain in our industry. Mondi defines controversial sources as wood that is illegally harvested, in violation of traditional and civil rights, harvested in forest management units in which high conservation values are threatened by management activities, harvested in areas in which forests are being converted to plantations or non-forest use or harvested from forests in which genetically modified trees are planted.
Converting operations
Operations for the conversion of corrugated packaging, industrial bags, extrusions coatings, release liner, consumer packaging and advanced films.
Corporate social investment
Dual listed company
Ecosystem management plan
Environmental Resources Management Certification and Verification Services
European Union’s Emissions Trading Scheme
Forestry and Agricultural Biotechnology Institute (FABI) aim is to help the development of novel food and fibre crops that will contribute to global economic development and food security.
Focus Area Action Team of WBCSD
Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) of the United Nations’ mandate is to raise levels of nutrition, improve agricultural productivity, better the lives of rural populations and contribute to the growth of the world economy.
Forestry South Africa (FSA) is South Africa’s premier and largest forestry organisation representing growers of timber in South Africa. The association has over 90% of all registered timber growers as members (over 2,500 members).
The FTSE4Good Index Series has been designed to objectively measure the performance of companies that meet globally recognised corporate responsibility standards.
Forest Stewardship Council (FSC) is an international not for-profit, multi-stakeholder organisation established in 1993 to promote socially and environmentally responsible management of the world’s forests by way of standard setting, third party certification and labelling of forest products.
Greenhouse gases (GHGs) are gases listed in the Kyoto Protocol of the UN-FCCC that contribute to the greenhouse effect and are regulated by the Kyoto Protocol. GHGs according to the Kyoto Protocol are: CO2, CH4, HFCs, PFCs, N2O, and SF6.
GHGs are often compared on the basis of their estimated potential to cause global warming. Factors can be used to convert a quantity of non-CO2 GHG (such as CH4 or N2O) into an amount of CO2 with an equivalent warming potential. Of importance in the pulp and paper industry, CH4 and N2O emissions are considered. Every gram of CH4 is equivalent to 21 grams of CO2 and each N2O gram is equivalent to 310 grams of CO2. Total GHG emissions can be calculated as the sum of several GHGs expressed as the equivalent amount of CO2, abbreviated as CO2e.
Genetically modified
The Global Reporting Initiative (GRI) is a not-for-profit organisation that produces one of the world’s most prevalent standards for sustainability reporting.
High conservation value (HCV) areas are critical areas in a landscape, which need to be appropriately managed in order to maintain or enhance high conservation values.
HCV Resource Network (HCV RN) is a global network which promotes a practical, consistent approach to HCV methodology.
ISO 14001
International standard created by the International Standards Organisation (ISO) for formal and certified environmental management systems.
International Union for the Conservation of Nature (IUCN) is the world’s oldest and largest global environmental organisation. They strive to influence, encourage and assist societies to conserve the integrity and diversity of nature to ensure that use of natural resources is equitable and ecologically sustainable.
Johannesburg Stock Exchange Limited
The Johannesburg Stock Exchange Socially Responsible Investment Index (JSE SRI) was launched in response to the debate around sustainability globally and particularly in the South African context.
Key performance indicator
The London Stock Exchange plc
Lost-time injuries
Material operations
Mondi’s pulp and paper mills located in Austria, Bulgaria, Czech Republic, Finland, Germany, Poland, Russia, Slovakia, South Africa, Sweden and Turkey
Mondi Ecological Network Programme
Major Incident Cause Evaluation
Medical treatment cases
Mixed tropical hardwood (MTH) refers to a more or less natural mixture of hardwoods from a tropical forest.
Mondi Wetlands Programme (MWP) is a joint programme between WWF (SA), the Wildlife and Environmental Society of South Africa, the Mazda Wildlife Fund and Mondi Limited. It has been the most successful non-governmental wetland conservation programme in South Africa.
Non-governmental organisation
New Generation Plantations (NGP) collects knowledge and good practices in plantation forestry in order to promote better plantation management.
Nitrogen oxide
Ozone-depleting substances
The Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) promotes policies that will improve the economic and social wellbeing of people around the world.
Programme for the Endorsement of Forest Certification (PEFC) is an international not-for-profit nongovernment organisation dedicated to promoting sustainable forest management through independent third party certification.
Persistent organic pollutants
Protective personal equipment
South African National Biodiversity Institute (SANBI) plays a leading role in South Africa’s national commitment to biodiversity management, now and into the future.
Sustainable Development Management System (SDMS) is used to govern our approach to sustainability and implement our sector policies
Scope 1 emissions
Total GHG emissions from sources owned or controlled by Mondi and its subsidiaries of the Group boundaries. This includes CO2e from fossil fuels and processes, company leased/owned vehicle, waste and waste-water treatment, from make-up chemicals, and from other GHG gases.
Scope 2 emissions
Total GHG emissions from sources that are related to generation of purchased energy outside the company boundaries (no other GHG considered but CO2e).
Scope 3 emissions
Total GHG emissions from business travel; raw materials; transport of products and raw materials; and employee commuting.
Socioeconomic assessment toolbox process
Safety, health and environment
Socially material operations
Those operations with a significant socioeconomic impact on their communities. For Mondi, these are our pulp and paper mills and forestry operations.
Totally chlorine free
The Economics of Ecosystems and Biodiversity
The Forests Dialogue (TFD) is a group of individuals from diverse interests and regions, committed to conservation and sustainable use of forests.
Total recordable case rate (TRCR) is calculated as the number of total recordable cases (the sum of fatalities, lost-time injuries, restricted work cases, medical treatment cases and occupational diseases) divided by the number of hours worked per 200,000 man hours.
Total reduced sulphur (TRS) compounds are the sum of the following reduced malodorous sulphur compounds generated in the pulping process: hydrogen sulphide, methyl mercaptan, dimethylsulphide and dimethyldisulphide expressed as sulphur. It is a metric for emissions to air and is measured in tonnes.
United Nations Environmental Programme (UNEP) provides leadership and encourages partnerships in caring for the environment by inspiring, informing and enabling nations and people to improve their quality of life, without compromising future generations.
United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change
United Nations Global Compact (UNGC) is a strategic policy initiative for businesses that are committed to aligning their operations and strategies with 10 universally accepted principles in the areas of human rights, labour, environment and anti-corruption.
Voluntary counselling and testing
Volatile organic compounds
World Business Council for Sustainable Development (WBCSD) is a chief executive officer-led, global association of some 200 international companies dealing exclusively with business and sustainable development.
Wildlife and Environment Society of South Africa
World Health Organization
Water impact assessments
World Resources Institute (WRI) is a global environment think tank that goes beyond research to put ideas into action with projects working on aspects of global climate change, sustainable markets, ecosystem protection and environmentally responsible governance.
WWF is an international non-governmental organisation working on issues regarding the conservation, research and restoration of the environment, formerly named the World Wildlife Fund.
Waste-water treatment plant